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The MACD provides insight on potential divergence within any given time frame on a chart. The best time frame to use with the MACD depends on the type of trade, instrument, and stock that you’re interested in creating and executing a strategy for. This occurs because there is a change in direction or a slowdown in the stock, future, bond, or currency trend. Similarly, when the MACD crosses below the MACD Signal Line a possible sell signal is generated. A potential buy signal is generated when the MACD crosses above the MACD Signal Line .

### What does MACD 12 26 9 mean?

The moving average convergence/divergence (MACD, or MAC-D) line is calculated by subtracting the 26-period exponential moving average (EMA) from the 12-period EMA. The signal line is a nine-period EMA of the MACD line. MACD is best used with daily periods, where the traditional settings of 26/12/9 days is the norm.

Traders use the MACD’s histogram to identify when bullish or bearish momentum is high—and possibly overbought/oversold. As the MACD and MACD signal line are derived from two EMAs, their value will be dependent on the underlying security.

## How to trade with MACD indicator

The Signal Line is calculating the Moving Average of the MACD Line. That being said, on the occasions where the MACD Line crosses above or below the Signal Line, that can signify a potentially strong move. Because all parameter values changes when we select min, day, month and year chart. While changing the above, could you avoid using crosses over in both bullish and bearish scenarios? macd interpretation Crosses over can be used in bullish sentiment whereas crosses under can be used in bearish sentiment. Or simply could you say that ” When the MACD line goes above the signal line, then it indicates a bullish sentiment” or something like that. I have personally met many aspiring traders who spend a lot of time and energy learning different indicators, but this is futile in the long run.

- For instance, the zero-cross image above has a point where the MACD crosses from below and back again in one trading session.
- One of the divergence problems is that it can signal a reversal, but it is a false positive.
- A bullish divergence forms when a security records a lower low and the MACD forms a higher low.
- This is called convergence because the faster moving average is “converging” or getting closer to the slower moving average .
- An exponentially weighted moving average reacts more significantly to recent price changes than asimple moving average , which applies an equal weight to all observations in the period.
- The MACD is seen as positive when the 12-day moving average crosses above the 26-day average.
- The MACD is said to be convergent with price action if both prices and the MACD are moving in the same direction.

If MACD crosses above its signal line after a brief downside correction within a longer-term uptrend, it qualifies as a bullish confirmation and the likely continuation of the uptrend. When the MACD line crosses from above to below the signal line, the indicator is considered bearish. When the MACD line crosses from below to above the signal line, the indicator is considered bullish. Every day brings a whole host of headlines about the financial markets.

## Trading Divergence

This unique blend of trend and momentum can be applied to daily, weekly or monthly charts. The standard setting for MACD is the difference between the 12- and 26-period EMAs. Chartists looking for more sensitivity may try a shorter short-term moving average and a longer long-term moving average. MACD is more sensitive than MACD and might be better suited for weekly charts. Chartists looking for less sensitivity may consider lengthening the moving averages.

This is also a great time for savvy traders to pick up undervalued securities that are potential gold once a bullish market returns. Traders and analysts typically use closing prices for 12-day and 26-day time periods to generate the EMAs used to calculate the Moving Average Convergence Divergence. Following this, a 9-day moving average for the MACD line itself is then plotted alongside the indicator to serve as the signaling line that will help illuminate when a market may be turning. The MACD is calculated by subtracting the value of a long-period exponential moving average from a short-period EMA.

## Potential Buy Signal With MACD Histograms

Along with centerline and signal line crossovers, MACD charts may also provide insights through divergences between the MACD chart and the asset’s price action. Centerline crossovers – MACD above zero for a sustained period of time indicates an uptrend, and below zero, a downtrend. Potential buy signals occur when the MACD moves above zero, and potential sell signals when it crosses below zero. The picture above clearly illustrates how shorter-term and longer-term moving averages come closer together , move further apart , and cross over one another. The MACD reflects the changing relationship of short-term exponential moving averages to long-term exponential moving averages.

MACD can help gauge whether a security is overbought or oversold, alerting traders to the strength of a directional move, and warning of a potential price reversal. The MACD signal line is the second component of the MACD indicator.

## MACD Formula

Like all technical indicators, the settings of the MACD can be changed to different time periods but traders tend to prefer the defaults. The defaults are 12 and 26-periods for the EMAs, with the signal line as a 9-period EMA of the MACD line. Arguably, this is a short-term measure used by short-term traders. However, the time periods can be adjusted to fit your individual time-frame and investment style.

### Who invented the MACD?

The moving average convergence divergence (MACD) index was invented by Gerald Appel in the 1970s. Appel designed the MACD as a technical analysis tool to gain insight on stock prices, with the intent to reveal data about the stock’s momentum, strength, as well as directional assumptions.

Upside momentum may not be as strong, but it will continue to outpace downside momentum as long as the MACD line is above zero. Below we see Gamestop with a large bearish divergence from August to October. The stock forged a higher high above 28, but the MACD line fell short of its prior high and formed a lower high. The subsequent signal line crossover and support break in the MACD were bearish. On the price chart, notice how broken support turned into resistance on the throwback bounce in November . Even though the move may continue, momentum is likely to slow and this will usually produce a signal line crossover at the extremities.